Ultimate Guide To The Taj Mahal

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Ultimate guide to the Taj Mahal

If you are intrigued by the wonders of the world, believe in epic love stories, enjoy tales of deception, appreciate architecture, are fascinated with history, marvel at how things were built long ago, and appreciate the art of illusion, then you must see the Taj Mahal, in India. It fulfils all of these yearnings and will captivate and beguile you, as it has me, and millions of others who have visited. Of course, the Taj is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and also one of the New Seven Wonders of the World. So, here is my ultimate guide to the Taj Mahal and everything you should know.

Ultimate guide to the Taj Mahal


Getting to the Taj Mahal

During the hottest time of the year, and monsoon season here in the North of India, I arrived in Agra, after a long flight from Australia to Delhi, via Hong Kong, followed by a 3½ hour drive from Delhi where I was staying. My driver and a separate guide were organised by my hotel. I was taken through the ticket booth and security entrance quickly, bypassing much of the queues (thanks to my guide) even though there were a lot of people there already when I arrived late morning.

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Walking to the Taj Mahal entrance

Then, I saw it. I was speechless.

Immediately, I realised it was far more beautiful than the pictures. Often places seem more perfect in photos than in real life, don’t you agree? But not in this case. It is far more captivating in person.

The sheer enormity of it and the whitish coloured marble is absolutely stunning. As you approach the monument, which is set far back on the property, with lush green manicured gardens all around and the bluish backdrop of the sky, you begin to see the detail come to life.

Ultimate guide to the Taj Mahal

My tour guide was talking away, and I’m sure he was saying great things, but I was engrossed in the majestic vision before me, and his heavily Hindi-accented English monologue was just white noise to me.

Location of the Taj Mahal

Located in the Agra district, in the state of Uttar Pradesh, Northern India, around 200km west of Delhi.

Address is Dharmapuri, Forest Colony, Tajganj, Agra, Uttar Pradesh 282001

You can reach the Taj Mahal by train. Alternatively, by bus or car via the Yamuna Expressway, which takes about 3 hours.

The complex

The whole Taj Mahal complex includes:

  • a grand entry gate,
  • courtyards,
  • immaculate gardens,
  • shallow pools,
  • fountains, and
  • two identical red sand-stoned palace-like buildings on either side, one being a Mosque and the other being a guest house for royalty.

The grounds span 55 acres.

The Yamuna River is at the rear of the property.

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One of the twin buildings either side of the Taj Mahal

History of the Taj Mahal

Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan had the monument built for his 3rd and favourite wife Mumtaz, who died in childbirth at the age of 39 whilst having their 14th baby. He was besotted by her and had promised her a memorial like no other to house her tomb as a lasting legacy of their love and a beacon to the world. Well he certainly out-did himself and everyone else. This is a love story like no other.

Taj Mahal

But, there is more to this story, of course. As with all good plots, there has to be some twists, right? Apparently, one of his sons, Aurangzeb wasn’t happy that he built this massive mausoleum when the Mughal empire was in strife. The son had grand plans of his own to take over the reigns. He managed to kill off his 3 brothers and then imprisoned his father, the Shah, in the Agra Fort for the rest of his life, where he was only able to view the Taj Mahal from his window. He died there, 8 years later, then was entombed with his spouse in the Taj. Quite a tale of deception and lust for power.

Red fort
Agra Fort

Building the Taj Mahal

Building began in 1632 and took 22 years to complete. 22,000 craftsmen from around the world were commissioned – builders, stonemasons, painters, carvers and more. Marble from India was used, brought in by elephants and oxen. Precious stones and gems, such as pearl, jade and opal, malachite, turquoise, and lapis lazuli from around the world were used for the delicate inlays.

Taj Mahal

Carvings were all done by hand by skilled artisans. Complex patterns, tessellations, herringbone and mosaics embellish the walls, ceiling and floors. Writings from the Quran and calligraphy of poems are included in the design also. It’s truly a work of art. The artwork being definitively feminine.

Taj Mahal

The Taj Mahal is a symmetrical building, built with harmony, balance and perfection. Every detail was meticulously planned and designed. It is believed the Shah was very much in control of the design, overseeing a team of experienced architects.

Taj Mahal Architecture

The mix of architectural styles is fascinating. Mughal, Islamic, Persian and Hindu features were incorporated in the design and blend together seamlessly. A poignant statement, I think. It is an artistic monument also, in that the use of light and shade creates a changing colour effect of the marble at various times of the day. For example, at sunrise it has a different hue to sunset.

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Inside the mausoleum

Inside the mausoleum chamber it is surprisingly small. It is built in an octagonal shape with an intricate octagonal screen all around the tombs. The beautiful tombs of Mumtaz and Shah Jahan on display are actually empty. Yes! Their real tombs are located below in a sealed area, not open to the public.

Interesting facts about the Taj Mahal

As part of my ultimate guide to the Taj Mahal, here are some interesting facts:

  • The main architect was Ustad-Ahmad Lahori, a Persian.

  • Muslim law dictates that tombs are not allowed to be decorated at all. So the emperor and his wife are buried beneath the chamber in plain tombs.

  • The Shah seems to have been obsessed with the number 22.

  • He was also obsessed with everything being symmetrical.

  • He intentionally made the 4 corner minarets lean slightly away from the central part of the building in case they were to fall as a result of natural disasters.

  • Designs and patterns on the outside of the building create illusions of angles.

  • 8 Million people visit each year. 

  • Unfortunately, pollution is damaging the Taj Mahal.

Did you know there are quite a few replicas of the Taj Mahal around the world? Some of them are very similar, such as:

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Important information and tips for visiting the Taj Mahal

Open hours: Taj Mahal is open from sunrise to sunset. It it closed on Fridays, open only for Muslim prayer in the afternoon.

Cost: Indian Rupees (INR) 50 for local Indians and INR1300 for foreigners, including visit inside. Prices as of 7/2019. Discount given if paying with credit card. The cost doesn’t include golf cart or rickshaw ride to and from gate, as cars are not allowed close to the site. Allow INR50 for each way.

Rules: No food, alcohol, cigarettes, music, large bags, headphones, tripods, etc. There is a long list of items not allowed, so check with your local guide at the time of going. I brought in only a small bag, plastic water bottle, camera phone, and essentials. Everything else I left with my driver in his car.

Clothing: Wear modest clothing. You will be provided with shoe covers, like a shower cap, to put over your shoes.

Toilets: There are well maintained bathroom facilities here.

Photos: You are able to bring in phones and cameras. Normally no photos are allowed inside, however, this is India, and with a small fee payable in the hands of the guard, all is permitted. There are also ‘professional’ photographers outside if you wish to avail yourself of their services.

Be aware at the Taj Mahal

Finally, be aware of people wanting selfie photos with ‘white-skinned’ tourists. I had several people taking photos with me, one lady even kissed me on the cheek! It is usually harmless enough but can sometimes be disconcerting. Not sure why they treat us like celebrities, but apparently it’s a big craze.

Further, beggars are common on the main road, even young children beg for money. People also approach you to try to sell you things. Watch out for pickpockets, scams, overpriced taxi/rickshaw rides. Most importantly keep your bag close to your body at all times.

Ultimate guide to the Taj Mahal

Tours of the Taj Mahal

I hope you have found my ultimate guide to the Taj Mahal enjoyable and, most of all, useful in preparing for your visit.

Have you any comments about the Taj Mahal? 

Please leave me your thoughts below.


Accommodation near the Taj Mahal


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Guide to the Taj Mahal Agra India
Ultimate Guide to the Taj Mahal
VISIT the stunning monument of India The Taj Mahal Agra Snazzy Trips travel blog
Ultimate Guide to the Taj Mahal
Guide to the Taj Mahal Agra India
Ultimate Guide to the Taj Mahal

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42 thoughts on “Ultimate Guide To The Taj Mahal

  1. josypheen says:

    Fabulous guide! I LOVED visiting the Taj Mahal too. I went yeeears ago, back when we only have film cameras and my photos are pretty rubbish, but you have brought back so many happy memories. It is such a shame that it is being spoiled by pollution.

    When I visited I was a bit sad to see so much rubbish in the river than runs along beside it. I really hope that is a little better by now!

  2. Charlotte Døvle says:

    What a gret post! I visited Taj Mahal last year and it was one of my favorite travel experiences ever. But I was so in awe that I totally forgot to take some close up shots of all the details. Love that you did 😉

  3. Cynthia Clarke says:

    I’ve not been to India yet and honestly wasn’t sure I wanted to go. But seeing the Taj Mahal is one of the main reasons not to skip it. Thanks for your post. It’s chock full of great information!

  4. Rudy says:

    Wonderful. How much time do you think I should allocate to visit the Taj Mahal?
    I wonder, do you need to book a tour or can you do it yourself and can you estimate how long the wait was at the ticket booths?

  5. Nitin Singhal says:

    I have visited Taj Mahal only once and that too in the scorching June month heat. I was all sweaty and couldn’t enjoy the Taj Mahal. I am planning to visit Taj Mahal again but this time in December.

  6. Delphine says:

    I agree with you that the Taj Mahal leaves you speechless… It’s an incredible structure and such a romantic monument too… I remember the glare of the sun on the white marble, it was really hard being without sunglasses… The other thing were the semi-precious stones encrusted in the marble walls… I can’t imagine the number of man hours this would have cost to achieve!

  7. Alison says:

    I think like you, that I will be totally speechless when I see the Taj Mahal. What a love story. I did not know about it, nor the fact she had 14 children! Thanks for all the facts and practical info. Will keep for when I get to visit this amazing wonder!

  8. Live Love Run Travel says:

    Thank you for all of the information! I would love to visit one day. When you say photos are not allowed inside, do you mean inside the actual buildings or anywhere within the complex? Just want to make sure I can get all the pictures possible when we go 🙂

  9. Karie says:

    The Taj Mahal is definitely on my bucket list and I have yet to visit this Wonder of the World. Really love the architecture and your pictures have captured the intricate architecture so well.This guide is really helpful for first time visitors. I had no idea it’s closed on Fridays so good to know that. Thanks for sharing!

  10. Candy says:

    Love that you provided the history, which I did not know much about. I was surprised to hear that you can’t take photos inside, but if you pay someone a small fee you will be able to. How does that work? Do they signal to the guard (or whomever is in charge) not to stop you from shooting inside since you paid? Funny you mention that people want to take photos with you. I feel this happens quite often in other countries. I’ve had it happen to me in Singapore, Hong Kong, and even Japan.

  11. Jeremy says:

    I have yet to visit the Taj Mahal, but it is definitely on my bucket list ! The love story does have a sad twist ending. I also heard stories telling of The Shah who cut off the hands of the craftsmen to prevent them from building another one more superior than the Taj, I’m glad it is NOT true.

  12. travelanddream says:

    Great post and great tips for first-time visitors. Never been there, but the Taj Mahal has been on my travel list for so long. I’m hoping to go soon and be one of those 8 million (!) people visiting the Taj Mahal yearly.

  13. trimmtravels says:

    Wow that is a lot to process. I knew it was built for one of his wives (didn’t know it was the third) and I had no idea about the twists to the plot. Just wow. He definitely outdid himself and I’m glad he is entombed there with her. The intricacies to the hand carvings and the symmetry as well as the changing of colors from sunrise to sunset is amazing. I can definitely understand why your guide was white noise to you when you first saw it!

  14. Sam Peach says:

    I love this! Heading to India and seeing the Taj Mahal is actually on my bucket list. You photos of it are amazing, and this post is so informative!

  15. Jenn and Ed Coleman says:

    The blending of architectural styles at the Taj Mahal is so interesting. I love it that Mughal, Islamic, Persian and Hindu aspects are all represented. I many ways, it’s representative of Indian culture as a whole.

  16. Danik says:

    Havent been here yet but lots of good information on how to make the day more enjoyable. Me, I would like to try and get there at sunrise and capture one amazing moment.

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