20 Incredible Facts About Italy

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Incredible facts about Italy you should know.

If you have been to Italy you have no doubt been in awe of the beautiful cities, marvelled at the historical sites, admired the stunning art and savoured the delicious cuisine. In order to better appreciate the fabulous boot-shaped country on your next visit, here are 20 incredible facts about Italy that you should know. Or, if you’re still thinking about going for the first time, these will definitely give you the push you need to go.

Incredible facts about Italy





Prior to unification in 1861-1870, the Italian Peninsula used to be made up of many separate kingdoms, republics and duchies. Now they make up the 20 different regions of Italy.


Italy has the most UNESCO sites of any other country – 54 in fact! They include the Colosseum, the Piazza del Duomo in Pisa, the Venice Lagoon, the Strade Nuove in Genoa, the Dolomites in the Italian Alps and Cinqueterre.

mountains and grass


Dolomites – photo credit


Italy has the most artwork/masterpieces than any other country in the world, per capita. Some of them are ‘The Last Supper’ by Da Vinci in Milan, ‘The Creation of Adam’ by Michelangelo in the Sistine Chapel, ‘The Birth of Venus’ by Botticelli in Florence, and ‘The Statue of David’ by Donatello in Florence.


The Vespa scooter was invented in Italy during the 1940’s as an affordable mode of transport after the war (WWII).

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Italy has the most wine drinkers in the world and is the largest exporter of wine in the world.


In Abruzzo, there is a fountain that spouts, not water, but red wine. Yes, a wine fountain! And it’s free! Everyday! You want to know where, don’t you? It’s in the town of Caldari di Ortona, inside the Dora Sarchese Winery. What a tourist attraction!


Italy has the most pasta eaters in the world. With about 150 types of pasta in Italy, this is no surprise!


Italy has the most active volcanoes in Europe. The Etna, Stromboli and Vesuvius have all erupted in the last hundred years. Mt Etna has been slowly erupting for 3,500 years and spews lava everyday.

Naples from the Castello Sant Elmo with Abbazia San Martino the port and the Vesuv 1 Snazzy Trips travel blog


Mt Vesuvius seen from Naples – photo credit


Italy has had the most earthquakes in Europe. (I never said all the facts were good!)


Italy has invented the most musical instruments. The piano in 1698 by Bartolomeo Cristoferi, the cello by Andrea Amati around 1500, and the violin by Antonio Stradivari of Cremona, he being the most famous violin maker.


Opera was born in Florence, Italy, in the 16th century and soon spread throughout Europe. The Teatro alla Scala in Milan is the most well known Opera house in the world, and the Teatro di San Carlo in Naples is the oldest opera house in the world still in use.

1599px Teatro alla Scala interior Milan Snazzy Trips travel blog


Teatro alla Scala Opera House, Milan


In 1000AD Italians began formalising music, hence music terminology is mostly in Italian – allegro, andante, piano, forte, lento, etc.


Coffee terminology is in Italian, since the espresso machine was invented in Italy in 1884.


Italians invented the aqueduct. The Aqua Appia in Rome is the oldest, dating from 312BC.

Pont du Gard BLS Snazzy Trips travel blog


Aqueduct of Roman Gaul – photo credit


Italy has the highest mountain peak in Europe, located in the Alps, called Monte Bianco which is over 15,000 feet.


The Vatican City State in Italy is the smallest country in the world.

1876px Vatican StPeter Square Snazzy Trips travel blog


Vatican City State


The world’s oldest University still in existence is in Bologna, the University of Bologna, since 1088, in Northern Italy. The word ‘university’ comes from Latin and was first used by this University in medieval times.


Ballet originated in Italy during the Renaissance of the 15th and 16th centuries, then was brought to France by Catherine de Medici.


Guglielmo Marconi from Bologna first invented the radio in 1895.


An Italian named Aloysus Lilius invented the modern calendar and it was named after Pope Gregory XIII in 1582, hence the name Gregorian calendar.

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More Facts About Italy

I really can’t stop at 20, so here are more incredible facts about Italy for you to devour.


Italian Alessandro Volta invented the battery in 1799, which is how we have the word ‘volt’.


Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519) the most famous Italian, was a polymath. He was a painter, sculptor, scientist, philosopher, engineer, architect, musician and humanist.


Italy has one of the world’s blue zones, the island of Sardinia, which has some of the oldest living people in the world. 


Italy’s death rate exceeds its birth rate. The government is now offering incentives for couples to have more children.


The colours of the Italian flag, green, white and red, represent hope, faith and charity, respectively.


Matera in Southern Italy is one of the oldest cities in the world, inhabited for some say 9000 years! A fascinating city of stones and ancient cave dwellings.

Cave dwellings


Matera – photo credit


Finally, Italy has a lot of churches, 225 in fact, which is the 2nd most in the world after Brazil.

And there you have it!

27 Incredible facts about Italy that I hope give you a better appreciation of this magnificent country. As you can see, Italy has influenced many aspects of all our lives, around the world.

Incredible facts about Italy


Lake Como

Tours of Italy you may enjoy

Below are some excellent tours you may enjoy if you’re planning a trip to Italy in the future.

Even if you have been to Italy before, there is always more to see and explore. I’ve been several times and still haven’t seen many parts of Il Bel Paese (the beautiful country), and am planning another trip soon.


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7 thoughts on “20 Incredible Facts About Italy

  1. trimmtravels says:

    Totally not surprised about the pasta eaters, the churches and the music terminology or the vespa. I am surprised about having the most volcanoes and earthquakes in Europe though. Did not know that!

  2. travelanddream says:

    Love these facts! I learned a lot of interesting things about Italy. Never knew about the wine fountain in Abruzzo. Free wine! I think I’ll pay Abruzzo a visit very soon 😉

  3. Jeremy says:

    I’m a pianist and I never knew the Italians invented the piano ! And I always thought France has the most wine drinkers ! But there’s a wine fountain in Italy !! It calls me~

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