42 Important Things About India

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Important things about India

Before you go to India, you might want to know some important things that will help you understand this amazing country and its culture. So here is some very interesting information I have learnt since travelling to India that I wish to share with you.

General Details About India

  1. India is the oldest continuous civilization in the world.

2. It is the biggest democracy in the world, also.

3. India has 29 states.

4. The average life expectancy in India is only 69 years.

5. 50% of the population is under 25 years old, making India the most youthful country in the world.

India – the youthful country

6. More than 70% of Indians live in small towns or villages.

7. The wettest place on earth, i.e. with the most rainfall, is Mawsynram Village in Northeast India.

8. The economy in India is one of the fastest growing in the world.

Indian Culture

Hindu Scripture called “The Song of The Lord” – A Spiritual Book, written about 200 years Before Common Era.

9. Many religions have originated in India – Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism and Sikhism. All of these are based on a philosophy of non-violence.

10. The CASTE system still exists in Indian society, even though the government has tried to abolish it.

11. Food is eaten with the right hand, never with the left. Eating with hands is common. This allows you to feel the food, making it a sensual experience. Also, to feel the temperature of the food. In some regions, spoon and fork are used, but no knives, as food is usually cut up in small pieces when cooked.

12. Arranged marriages are still predominant in Indian society today.

13. The giving of a dowry to a bridegroom’s family is no longer legal, but the practice still continues.

Languages of India

14. India has no national language, but there are 22 official regional languages spoken.

15. The most widely spoken language is Hindi.

16. India is the second biggest English speaking country in the world. This makes travel a little easier here for many of us.

Important things about India
Taj Mahal

UNESCO Sites In India

17. There are an amazing 38 UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India. Some I recommend you visit are Taj Mahal, Agra Fort, Red Fort, Qtub Minar and Humayun’s Tomb. Don’t miss the last one when in Delhi.

Important things about India
Humayuns’s Tomb in Delhi
Qutub Minar in Delhi

18. India apparently has the most mosques in the world, 300,000, with the second largest population of Muslims.

Important things about India
Jama Masjid Mosque in Old Delhi

19. The most visited place in the world is the Golden Temple of Amritsar, in Punjab. Over 100,000 people go to worship everyday. And to eat. Yes, that’s right, everyday people at the temple are fed a plate of vegetarian food of dhal curry and roti.

Important things about India
Sikh Golden Temple

20. India now has the tallest statue in the world in Gujarat since 2018. It is a bronze figure of Sardar Patel, who was instrumental in unifying India. At almost 600 feet tall, it’s called ‘The Iron Man of India’. He was a supporter of Gandhi and the independence movement.


Tallest statue in the world – The Iron Man of India

Foods of India

21. India produces more milk than any other country.

22. Beef is not common, as cows are sacred in many parts of India under Hinduism and other religions. Many roam around freely, even on the roads. It is illegal to slaughter cows in most parts of India. However, in a few states there is no such law, as in the southern state of Kerala, where beef consumption is common. Cows are a very controversial topic in India.

Important things about India

23. India has the most vegetarians in the world.

Important things about India

24. India is the biggest producer of spices in the world by far, and always has been.

Important things about India

25. Tea is the most popular drink.

Important things about India
Tea plantation in India

26. Sugar was first cultivated and used in India.

Inventions from India

27. Chess was invented in India.

28. The game of Snakes and Ladders was also from India.

29. Many aspects of maths were invented in India – the decimal system, algebra, calculus, trigonometry and the number Pi.

30. Yoga began in India, about 5,000 years ago.

Sport in India

31. India invented the sport of Kabaddi, played originally in the Tamil region of South India.

Kabaddi – A team contact sport

32. Polo was also invented in India, from Manipur and was known as ‘pulu’.

33. Cricket is the most popular sport in India which came from British rule.

India’s Infrastructure

34. India has the second largest road network in the world. Driving is on the left hand side of the road. But I wouldn’t recommend it in the big cities.

35. India has the largest rail network in Asia – Indian Railways.

36. The world’s highest rail bridge is being built in the Himalayas in India, over the river Chenab, to be finished by 2020. It will be 359 metres high.

37. India has the only train hospital in the world, taking medical treatment to people in rural areas, where they even perform surgery. It is called the Jeevan Rekha Express.

Wildlife in India

38. If you are a wildlife enthusiast, this is the place. There are a staggering 543 wildlife sanctuaries in India! These aim to protect the many species of animals which are endangered in India, such as the Bengal Tiger, Himalayan Brown Bear, Gharial Crocodile, and Indian Vultures. Visiting a sanctuary is the best chance of spotting wildlife in their natural habitat.

Royal Bengal Tiger in Bannerghatta National Park, Bangalore, India – photo credit

39. The Asiatic Lion, also endangered, only exists in India.

Asiatic Lion only in India – photo credit

Other Interesting Information About India

40. India’s film industry, Bollywood (the Hindi language film industry), produces more films than any other.

Important things about India
photo credit

41. India has never invaded another country.

42. India was the first country in the world to mine diamonds. From around 700 BCE until the 1700’s, India was the only source of diamonds in the world. One of the most famous diamonds in the world is the Koh-i-Noor originally from India, now part of the Crown Jewels in London.

Important things about India
Queen’s Crown with the Koh-i-Noor diamond at the centre – photo credit

A truly fascinating country that I hope you will consider visiting, if you haven’t already.

Please leave me a comment below.

My favourite spot in India

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16 thoughts on “42 Important Things About India

  1. I learned several new things. I think #9 impresses me the most. I love how Martin Luther King, Jr. was inspired by Gandhi to use peaceful protest during the Civil Rights movement. It sure takes way more self-control to rise above and remain peaceful when others are using hate and violence!

  2. Wow, I learned so much from reading your post, Tania! Having just visited India for the first time, I am already hooked and can’t wait to explore more of this beautiful country someday. The diversity of languages there is absolutely fascinating to me and it was very interesting to see that the actual, day-to-day lingua franca was English and not Hindi. I didn’t run into a single person who wasn’t able to hold a conversation in English, which impressed me a lot. Thanks for sharing; this is a great list!

  3. So many great facts, I learned a lot. I did not know it is the home of the wettest place on earth. I also did not know it is the second largest speaking English country. That makes it easy to travel to for me.

  4. I love posts like this one. Fun and interesting facts are a great way to learn more about a country. And, for one I haven’t been to…yet. I feel this vegetarian who loves to practice yoga needs to go.
    I loved reading about the Infrastructure and the UNESCO World Heritage sites.

  5. Wow!! Those are such good cultural curiosities, I did not know most of them.
    I’ve been thinking about visiting India, probably a trip to 2021. Thank you so much for these, very important, well done!

  6. Wow, thank you for this post! I’ve just learnt so much about India that I never knew before. Like, who knew that they actually have the only train hospital in the world? And that the world’s tallest statue sits there? I also had no idea that it’s the oldest continuous civilisation in the world either. Fascinating!

  7. What a fascinating list of facts! While it’s not surprising that yoga comes from India, I never would have guessed that chess was invented there. I’ve always wanted to go to a tiger reserve in India, to see a tiger in the wild while they are still here.

  8. As someone who geeks out over facts about places I really loved this post and learning about India, there are so many things I didn’t know. I love that there is a train hospital to help people in rural areas!

  9. What interesting facts! I had no idea India was the second biggest English speaking country in the world! wow. Also I love that it is so vegetarian focused! Amazing for a vegetarian like myself.

  10. This is such an incredible post, I love how it’s written in bitesize information too. I have never seen an Asiastic Tiger in pictures before it looks so majestic and I had no idea 50% of the Indian population is under 25 (that’s crazy!) Thanks for sharing this amazing post 🙂 Jaz

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